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Emergency management is an important part of the national governance system and capacity.It undertakes the important responsibility of preventing and defusing major safety risks, responding to and handling all kinds of disasters and accidents in a timely manner, and undertakes the important mission of protecting the lives and property of the people and maintaining social stability.


The emergency management department, which incorporates 13 of the 11 departments'responsibilities and is known as the \"super-large\" department, is also being more widely understood, with the words \"fire hero \",\" all-disaster big emergency \",\" flame blue\" widely spread over the year. More and more people are focusing on this \"super-maximum \", focusing on what it has done and achieved over the course of the year.


On April 16,2018, Han Zheng, member of the Standing Committee of the political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and Vice Premier of the State Council, attended the listing ceremony of the Emergency Management Department and investigated it at the Command Center of the Emergency Management Department. Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Haitao


Li Ruichang, executive director, professor and doctoral supervisor of the Center for Emergency Management Research of Fudan University's School of International Relations and Public Affairs, said in a previous interview that the establishment of the emergency management department, the transformation of the public security fire fighting force and the armed police and the forest troops of the armed police, together with the entry of the emergency rescue teams such as safety in production, is conducive to the centralized management of the main rescue forces and the realization of the relative concentration of the rescue command.


On March 5,2019, Premier Li Keqiang made a special mention of the \"reform and strengthening of emergency management, timely and effective response to major natural disasters, the total number of production safety accidents and the number of serious accidents continue to decline\" in the past year.


Sun Huashan, deputy minister of emergency management, introduced at the press conference on reform and operation since the establishment of the ministry that the establishment of the emergency management department is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core and based on the basic national conditions of frequent disasters and accidents in China. It has integrated 13 responsibilities of 11 departments, including the responsibilities of the five state command and coordination agencies.It has successfully completed the institutional reform, the transfer of personnel and the transfer of nearly 200,000 people from the two units of the public security and the armed police and forest. The organization system of emergency management with Chinese characteristics has been initially formed in the new era.


Sun Huashan once pointed out that the establishment of the emergency management department is not a simple \"physical combination\" between departments and responsibilities, but a real \"chemical reaction \". In September 2019, at a press conference on the reform and development of the new era's emergency management, he again mentioned the term \"chemical reaction.\"


Sun Huashan said that in order to promote the \"chemical reaction\" process, emergency management department mainly did four aspects of work. First, strive to form an efficient and unified command system. From the first day of listing, the head of the Ministry took the lead with the staff of the agency on duty 24 hours on duty. In the face of multiple major disasters and the role of the deliberative and coordinating body, the emergency management department takes the lead in organizing the relevant departments to concentrate their meetings at the first time and dispatch the command at the first time, so as to realize the study and judgment more quickly and the decision-making more scientific.


Second, strive to form a distinctive emergency culture. We should use the four-sentence policy of \"loyalty to the Party, strict discipline, fire and fire, and dedication to the people\" to educate cadres throughout the system, adhere to the concept of \"life first and scientific rescue,\" rally spiritual strength, carry forward the spirit of hard work and dedication, maintain a state of emergency at all times, and always prepare for a tough battle. Consciously undertake the sacred mission of safeguarding the lives and property of the people.


Third, efforts should be made to fully integrate the resources of all kinds of rescue forces. Sub-staircase set up three rescue forces, the first is nearly 200,000 national comprehensive fire rescue team, as the main force national team. Second, production safety professional rescue teams, such as mines, dangerous chemicals, tunnels and other professional rescue teams. Third, a flexible social rescue force composed of various groups and volunteers. These three teams complement each other's advantages, and form a scientific, efficient and powerful emergency force system by unified dispatch and coordinated combat at the critical moment.


Fourth, strive to achieve the organic integration of organ cadres and work functions. Carefully compile and carry out duties and responsibilities, make scientific and rational use of cadres, and make public and fair selection and employment. In the process of transferring, we insist on seeking truth from facts, do not engage in \"one-size-fits-all \", proceed from the overall situation conducive to safeguarding the safety of people's lives and property, and focus on the change of disaster time period, divide priorities, and transfer to Li in place step by step. In the meantime, according to the work running-in practice, straighten out the division of responsibilities with the relevant departments, so as to achieve the combination of \"unified\" and \"sub-division \",\" prevention\" and \"rescue \", and the emergency disposal is more scientific and efficient.


On November 29,2019, General Secretary Xi Jinping, presiding over the 19th collective study of the Central Political Bureau on China's emergency management system and capacity building, pointed out that our country is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, with many kinds of disasters, wide distribution and high frequency of occurrence, resulting in heavy losses. At the same time, all kinds of accidents in China and safety risks are intertwined and superimposed, prone to multiple. Strengthening the emergency management system and capacity building has been the task of the Department of Emergency Management since its establishment.


According to the Department of Emergency Management, the Department of Emergency Management has fully carried out its duties for one year, and in 2019 it has achieved a 25%,57% and 24% decline in the annual average of natural disaster deaths, the number of collapsed houses and direct economic losses in GDP over the past five years. The overall situation in production safety in China has maintained a stable situation, with the number of accidents falling by% and the number of deaths by%, and the number of major accidents and serious accidents by% and%, respectively. During the year, the Ministry of Emergency Management organized 293 video conferences on disaster incidents,58 responses to serious and serious disasters and 383 working groups.


Referring to the achievements in the prevention and control of natural disasters, Zheng Guoguang, deputy minister of emergency management, previously said that the emergency management department had assumed the responsibility of overall planning, coordination and organization of disaster prevention and relief throughout the country since its establishment, and immediately formulated emergency plans and work plans for various types of disasters.


In addition, a departmental linkage mechanism has been established to give full play to the role of the state headquarters for responding to major natural disasters and to strengthen interdepartmental communication and coordination. For example, in response to the natural disasters in Yansai Lake, the Ministry of Emergency Management has established a joint consultation and coordinated response mechanism with the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Energy Bureau and other departments, and the Joint Staff Department of the Military Commission has also established a joint military-local emergency rescue and coordination mechanism, sending joint working groups to the scene to coordinate the rescue work and cooperate with the local party committee and government to direct the handling of major disasters. The Joint Working Group ahead, followed by joint meetings and joint command, has changed the number of departments in the past to send working groups and departments to carry out individual relief and rescue efforts, integrating the resources of various departments together, thus enabling them to deal with disasters in a coordinated and efficient manner.


To explore and improve the operational mechanism for the integration of prevention, rescue and relief. According to the disaster forecast, in advance in key areas, key parts, key projects preset rescue forces, once something happens, the first time emergency rescue, to minimize disasters.


It was reported that the current remote sensing satellite monitoring and visualization system has been put into trial operation, and the flood prevention and drought relief situation analysis system has initially realized the dynamic monitoring of natural disasters such as meteorology, drought, rain, snow and ice. On December 30, the National Institute of Natural Disaster Prevention and Control of the Ministry of Emergency Management was established in Beijing, according to a previous report. This research institute is the first national comprehensive natural disaster prevention and control institute in China, which provides a strong support for promoting the improvement of China's natural disaster prevention and control capacity and the modernization of emergency management system and capacity.


In addition, in the work of safety in production, the Ministry of Emergency Management deployed nationwide in 2019 to carry out centralized regulation of production safety in key industries such as hazardous chemicals. The organization conducts \"check-up \"-type key supervision of 1,474 high-risk coal mines, conducts safety verification on 38 mining-deep ultra-kilometer mines, closes more than 1,000 non-coal mines (including tailings reservoirs) that do not have the conditions for safe production, and conducts in-depth investigation and treatment of hidden dangers in road traffic, construction, fireworks, urban gas and other fields. In addition, the implementation of enterprise safety production commitment system, more than 70 enterprises into the safety of joint disciplinary \"blacklist\" management.

  技术方面,实现危险化学品安全生产风险监测预警系统全面应用,列入国家“互联网 监管”重要示范应用。还出台《安全生产行政执法与刑事司法衔接工作办法》、《安全生产责任保险事故预防技术服务规范》,印发化工园区和危险化学品企业风险排查“两个导则”等办法意见、实施高危行业领域安全技能提升行动计划,多渠道推动安全生产事业发展。

Technology, the realization of hazardous chemicals safety production risk monitoring and early warning system comprehensive application, included in the national \"Internet supervision\" important demonstration application. We have also issued the Measures on the Linking of Administrative Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice in Production Safety, the Standard of Technical Services for the Prevention of Accidents in Liability Insurance in Production Safety, the Opinions on the \"Two Guidelines\" for the Risk Investigation of Chemical Industry Parks and Enterprises with Hazardous Chemicals, and the Action Plan for Improving Safety Skills in the Field of High-risk Industries.


In order to ensure the safety and stability of production at the beginning of the year,16 inspection teams led by various ministries and commissions have recently conducted special inspections in 16 provinces, including Hebei, Shanxi and Heilongjiang. The head of the Ministry of Emergency Management interviewed the provincial government about the recent accidents in production safety in Hunan and Guizhou provinces.


On November 9,2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping gave a flag and a training speech to the national comprehensive fire rescue team in the Great Hall of the People, marking a brand new people's team to raise the flag and set foot on the journey. In the past year or so, nearly 200,000 officers and men have completed the transformation of their identities, their ranks and ranks, and their ranks have been changed.


In a year's time, the national comprehensive fire rescue team to effectively deal with and deal with Shanxi township Ning \"3? 15\" and Guizhou Water City \"7? 23\" Landslide, Shanxi Qinyuan \"3? 29\" and Guangdong Foshan \"12? Forest Fire, Changning Earthquake of Sichuan Province, Super Typhoon \"Li Qi Ma\" and Xiangshui \"3? 21\" Explosion and Sichuan Gongxian \"12? 14) Coal mine water permeable accidents and many other serious and serious disasters. In particular, Typhoon No.9 of this year, Li Qi Ma, made landfall for the fifth-strongest typhoon in China after the founding of New China.


Over the past year, the state's comprehensive fire-fighting rescue team has dispatched a total of 10,000 troops to rescue the people in distress and evacuate 10,000 people, with the value of saving and protecting property worth 100 million yuan.


“The whole disaster, the big emergency" is the team's new business card. Emergency management department fire and rescue bureau director joan she said that after the fire rescue team changed to become the main force of emergency rescue and national team, responsibilities expanded, the task increased. Floods, droughts, typhoons, earthquakes, mudslides and other natural disasters, as well as the rescue of accidents such as traffic and dangerous chemicals, have all become the main cause of the rescue on the basis of the original fire prevention and fire fighting and emergency rescue missions with the life-saving personnel as the main task.


In order to meet the needs of the mission of \"all kinds of disasters and major emergencies \", the Ministry of Emergency Management has strengthened the construction of professional teams, set up 27 special teams for earthquake (geology), mountains and waters and two rescue and rescue dog training bases throughout the country, and set up 100 to 300 provincial flood prevention and rescue teams in 31 fire rescue teams across the country.


In addition, relying on the Beijing Fire and Rescue Corps to form a 200-person Chinese rescue team, and in 2019 the first visit to Mozambique to carry out international rescue operations, in October 2019 successfully passed the United Nations international heavy rescue team capacity evaluation, become the second team with transnational rescue capacity in China. As a result, China became the first country in Asia to have two UN-certified international heavy rescue teams.


It is worth noting that in September 2019, the Ministry of Emergency Management, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and other 13 ministries and commissions jointly issued a notice on doing a good job in the preferential treatment of personnel of the national comprehensive fire rescue team, and put forward the preferential treatment policy for fire rescue personnel from 13 aspects. In November 2019, Zhang Fusheng, deputy director of the Department of Emergency Management's Fire and Rescue Department, told the surging news that the second fireman recruitment exercise has seen more than 94,600 qualified applicants after being vetted since it started in September. Zhang Fusheng said that after joining the national comprehensive fire rescue team can enjoy special preferential treatment policy. According to the policy, firefighters enjoy special preferential treatment in the fields of casualty pension, housing medical treatment, transportation, children's admission and so on.


Surging News recently learned that under the unified deployment of the Ministry of Emergency Management, the provincial (district, city) fire rescue teams completed the listing work by December 31,2019. Nine forest fire brigades have also completed listing work.